OS X Mountain Lion

OS X Mountain Lion (version 10.8) is the ninth above absolution of OS X (formerly Mac OS X), Apple Inc.'s desktop and server operating arrangement for Macintosh computers. OS X Mountain Lion was appear on July 25, 2012. It assets appearance from iOS, such as Notes and Reminders as applications abstracted from Mail and Calendar, in accession to those iOS appearance alien in Mac OS X Lion. The latest update, formed out on September 19, 2012, added some added appearance such as Facebook integration.

OS X Mountain Lion replaces iChat with Messages, which includes abutment for iMessage, acceptance users to accelerate absolute letters to added Macs (running 10.8 or later), iPhones, iPads and iPod Touches (running iOS 5 or later). It additionally includes the latest adaptation of the Safari web browser, Safari 6. Another affection from iOS included in Mountain Lion is Notification Center, a aftereffect area that provides an overview of alerts from applications. It displays notifications until the user completes an associated action, rather than acute burning resolution. OS X 10.8 additionally is well-integrated with iOS 6 and is styled similarly.

OS X Mountain Lion accustomed absolute reviews, with critics praising Notification Center, Messages, and acceleration improvements over Mac OS X Lion, while criticizing Bold Center for abridgement of games. Mountain Lion awash three actor units in the aboriginal four days, authoritative it Apple's best acknowledged Mac OS absolution to date.

System requirements

The best basal arrangement requirements of OS X Mountain Lion are 2 GB of RAM, 8 GB of accessible adamantine deejay or solid accompaniment storage, and OS X 10.6.8 or later. The ancient models accurate in Mountain Lion are the mid-2007 iMac, backward 2008 aluminum or aboriginal 2009 unibody polycarbonate MacBook, mid-2007 MacBook Pro, backward 2008 MacBook Air, aboriginal 2009 Mac Mini, aboriginal 2008 Mac Pro, or aboriginal 2009 Xserve Mac Pro models appear as aboriginal as 2006 can run Mountain Lion unofficially appliance an upgraded cartoon agenda and EFI64 simulation. The iMac, Mac Mini, MacBook Air, and MacBook Pros appear in 2011 or afterwards abutment AirPlay Mirroring. The aforementioned models abutment AirDrop that did in OS X Lion, the ancient actuality the late-2008 MacBook Pro, late-2010 MacBook Air, late-2008 MacBook, mid-2010 Mac Mini, or early-2009 Mac Pro with an AirPort Extreme card.

Game Center

The Bold Center appliance from iOS was added in OS X Mountain Lion. It is an online multiplayer social-gaming network, and allows users to allure accompany to comedy a game, alpha a multiplayer bold through matchmaking, clue their achievements, and analyze their aerial array on a baton board. Credibility are awarded to players as a allotment of Bold Center's accomplishment tracking system. Players can acquire credibility by affair specific in-game challenges.

A amateur charge authorize an Apple ID to accessory with a Bold Center nickname. A amateur has the advantage to actualize an Apple ID from aural Bold Center if he or she does not already accept one. Alone one appellation may be associated with an Apple ID at any accustomed time. Each amateur is assigned a contour in Bold Center. A contour consists of the player's nickname, the cardinal of Bold Center-compatible amateur the amateur owns, the cardinal of accompany the amateur has, the cardinal of accomplishment credibility a amateur has, and an alternative photo and player-defined status.

Application updates

OS X Mountain Lion added updates for abounding applications on the operating system. The Chess app supports Bold Center. Dashboard widgets can be managed in a UI agnate to Launchpad. Mail adds new VIP affection to save common contacts. The Preview app gets an bigger user interface. It is able to ample out forms in PDF abstracts that don't accommodate absolute PDF anatomy fields. Reminders is a new agitation account application, abstracted from Calendar in its own appliance that syncs forth with its iOS counterpart. Safari 6 gets a new absolution and appearance a new omnibar; a aggregate of the abode bar and the look field.

The omnibar additionally has a "Reader" button, assuming the user aloof the argument of the commodity after advertisements and distraction. When the user is on a website with no article, the button is disabled.[33] Safari 6 is accessible as a download for Mac OS X Lion. Time Machine is able to do alternating backups on added than one accumulator medium.

Dropped and afflicted features:
  • MobileMe was replaced absolutely by iCloud, accurately in Arrangement Preferences options.
  • RSS abutment in Mail and Safari was removed; a bulletin is apparent to advance to users that they look the Mac App Store for an RSS app.
  • The Software Amend account was unified into the Mac App Store.
  • The account of updates installed in the accomplished was removed.
  • The "Web Sharing" advantage removed from Arrangement Preferences. Apache is still included with the operating arrangement and can be enabled appliance third-party software.
  • When the X11 app is opened, users are directed to the accessible antecedent XQuartz activity instead.
  • Xgrid abutment was removed (including in OS X Server edition).
  • The Affectation Preference Menu was replaced by the AirPlay icon, and it is no best accessible to bound about-face resolutions after aboriginal aperture up preferences.
  • The advantage in Menu Bar to affectation array activity appliance "Time" is no best offered. Instead, the alone advantage is to affectation array "Percentage". However, array time can still be beheld in the dropdown by beat on the array icon.
  • Older models of Canon printers may not be supported.[citation needed]